Net neutrality

Net neutrality, or Internet neutrality, basically aims to relax or remove various types of restrictions on the Internet. This involves controls on content, types of communication, and other activities and material on the Internet. This centers around the basic idea of freedom on the Internet, and veers away from controls that could be placed by governments, service providers, businesses, and the like.

Over the years, advocates of net neutrality have been concerned about the idea that Internet content can be regulated at the expense of neutrality. They also believe that telecommunications companies should refrain from exercising their ability to block content and other resources. They claim that such companies control the sites and information that may be accessed, in an effort to block competitors. Advocates also oppose billing systems in which different rates are paid for different types or rates of Internet access. Net neutrality views the Internet as an open, non-discriminating venue for sharing information, which must also be reliable at the same time. As such, anyone should be able to access all lawful content on an open platform.

On the other hand, those who oppose net neutrality deny that telecommunications companies actually prevent certain content from being accessed. They also assert that data discrimination is necessary in ensuring good quality service. Certain companies are known for bundling Internet services with mobile phone, cable television, and other functions. They also obstruct certain activities such as participation in peer-to-peer networks. Net neutrality critics argue that promoting competition among providers using these methods, among others, actually bring about innovations and help improve services.

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