Today’s workforce is a diverse mix of generations that each come with their collective background and value systems. Understanding their unique perspectives is important in a large organization where they are likely to be working side by side. Professor at the Instituto de Empresa in Madrid, Spain, Cristina Simón’s study Generation Y and the Labor Market: Models for HR Management, address differences in generational values. Simón looked at our generations of workers, analyzed their values and suggested ways for businesses to get people working together.
Four Generations and Their Values
Traditional Workers (born before 1946/over 60) value loyalty and discipline. These workers tend to respect authority. They have accomplished a lot and contributed to success under hierarchical systems of the past. Raised during wartime and the postwar period, they adapted to an environment of scarcity, valuing austerity. Social goals of peace and national prosperity are important to this group. As a rule they are pragmatic and disciplined.
Baby Boomers (1946-1960/late 40s and up) expect success. These are the people running the major corporations right now. They invented the workaholic, or at least a lot of them suffer from its effects. Baby boomers created strong social change including the hippie movement, feminism, and civil rights. They are optimistic and self-motivated. Management ranks today are dominated by Boomers and older Gen Xers. Together, they define corporate cultures and success within them.
Generation X (1961-1979/30s and 40s) has the advantage of the best academic training and international experience in history. They are breaking with traditional patterns, including creating informal work environments and transforming corporate structures from hierarchical into horizontal and flexible entities. Personal initiative and a healthy dose of skepticism toward large organizations has produced a lot of entrepreneurs from this generation. A key value of Generation X is the achievement of balance between career goals and quality of life.
Generation Y (starting from 1980/under 30) have lived their entire lives with information technology and they have a hard time comprehending a world without it. Childhood was comfortable and prosperous. They tend toward individual needs in favor of the community good and often demand a high level of autonomy. What Generation Y lacks in loyalty, they make up for with the the value they place on relationships with co-workers and supervisors.
Can you relate? What kind of generational conflicts do you encounter at work?